Division of Uttar Pradesh: To be or not to be?

Politics

The recent story

How big is UP?

Should UP be divided?

  • Too big to be governed properly
  • Socio-Economic Reasons: Ranked in the bottom five in the Index for Sustainable Development Goals, population growth rate of UP is double that of India while per capita income is half of the national average.
  • Too much power for one state: UP has almost the same number of MPs as Karnataka, Rajasthan & Gujarat combined.
  • Religion and caste dominate the elections, often causing crime and violence. Enabling smaller states allows for more inclusivity and better administration.

Latest attempt to split UP by Mayawati

Why should UP be not divided?

  • Development Disparity: Eastern regions of Bundelkhand & Purvanchal could face heavy ignorance in development and growth, since they aren’t high revenue-generating provinces.
  • People don’t want it: No large scale state separation movements have happened that require attention from the Centre.

Bifurcation examples of other Indian states:

  • Chhattisgarh (from Madhya Pradesh): Having faced the longest battle for getting separated, currently the resource-rich Chattisgarh is one of the fastest growing states in the country.
  • Jharkhand (from Bihar): Jharkhand had many tribunal communities facing misrepresentation and wanted separation to aid a socio-economic balance.
  • Telangana (from Andhra Pradesh): The Telugu speaking community had fought for more than a decade for its separation from Andhra Pradesh with the issue of Hyderabad and its revenue taking centerstage.

One of the most polarised states in the country

So if not the split, what can be done?

  • Enabling better district administration
  • Improving sectoral police
  • Enabling technology, growth & entrepreneurship in the state across all regions

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